• Before the book there was the papyrus roll, a medium to hold writing
  • Then came the codex
  • The book gave writing a more complete and closed verbal structure, unlike scrolls, which lacked a sense of closure
  • Books used to contain more than one text, often unrelated, bound together
  • Eventually, printers and publishers were encouraged to put one text in a volume
  • The book provided writers a physical embodiment of a text that almost seemed to have a life of its own
  • Every book strives for its own identity, while having a relationship with other books
  • As the book has changed with digital technology, there is less of a sense of closure to books
  • Portable computers can be seen as a new kind of book, a "notebook" is even the general term for this kind of computer
  • We can see laptops as "hybrid books" where we can read and write texts and process information
    • These "hybrid books" are what reduces the sense of closure that the traditional book gave because they refer the users to other texts or media forms
  • The Rocket ebook is one example of a device that could replace the paged book (this is also like the Kindle)
    • This type of technology has many of the features of a traditional book
    • Light-weight
    • Easy to carry
    • The reader can make notes in margins still
    • The reader can underline passages
    • Allows the reader to choose texts that are already in print