• The printed page has remained a conservative writing space. Presently, there are hundreds of different types of fonts. The fonts used in book production, however, tend to be very similar and conservative. "Printing is a frozen medium in more ways than one: its letter forms stabilized between 16th and 18th centuries and have since changed only a little." The computer and it's capabilities in terms of fonts and printing can either reinforce this or take this tradition away. (Bolter 65)
    • The printing press is arguably the most important tool of the modern scientist
  • We live in the "late age of print": word processing, databases, e-mail, the internet, and computer graphics all displaced printed media in this age
  • We no longer rely on print for presenting knowledge to us
  • Digital forms of print affect traditional forms
  • Some people think of the computer as the number one medium for print, and of the book as the secondary medium-the future of print, such as books, newspapers, magazines, is uncertain
  • Some feel that the book will be a thing of the past, for example
  • Some want to ignore print, and try to go for an environment that is made up of purely electronic/digital communication
    • Others feel that computer will never replace traditional forms of print
  • "'A change is upon us--nothing could be clearer. The printed word is part of a vestigial order that we are moving away from--by choice and by societal compulsion ... This shift is happening throughout our culture, away from patterns and habits of the printed page and towards a new world distinguished by its reliance on electronic communications" (quoted in Bolter, page 5)
  • Levinson compares blogging to print media in his, "The New New Media" saying: "Blog pages still lack the complete reliable locatability of books- after all, a blogger can remove a post or his or her entire blog- but their instant availability to anyone, anywhere with a connection to the Internet may give them a greater net durability than any book. In other words, if a text is available online for 10 years to millions of people, is it more or less durable to the culture than a thousand books available for a hundred years on library shelves?"
  • Levinson makes a very interesting point about blogging here. Blogging does reach millions of people instantly as social media and online media have become one of society's main source of information. It seems that print has not only "gone out of style" but that it has become less instantly available to us all.

Einstein's six features of print that created changes in our culture:
  1. Dissemination (the morst obvious feature of print)
  2. Standardization
  3. Reorganization
  4. Data Collection
  5. Preservation
  6. Amplification and Reinforcement