"The Library as a Writing Space" Bolter, Chapter 5
  • Library: the physical realization of a culture's writing space of books, allows the reader to literally move into and through a "textual space"
  • In the Middle Ages people began to divide books by faculty such as law, medicine, theology, and the arts, furthermore, within those groups the division was often alphabetical
  • Much later came Melvil Dewey's organizational system, which helped with the complicated and often arbitrary organization of former libraries
  • In the most up to date libraries, a web site is made with the library's catalog so that users can easily navigate through which books are available and search for keywords for specific subjects or titles
  • Books are mostly just printed still, so users still have to venture from the digital world to the physical world of the library's shelves
  • Fully digital library: where books themselves are stored in machine readable form and a building for a library no longer is necessary. Only the computers, storage devices and communications equipment would be used somewhere, but the user can just access the library from their own computer.
  • Physical libraries still fulfill a variety of cultural/institutional purposes, so it seems unlikely that digital libraries will ever replace them in the near future
  • Now, the common library is one that is both present physically but has various electronic facilities = hybrid library
  • The electronic library has existed for decades now there have been bibliographic/textual databases since the 1970s
  • "Digital Libraries Initiative": to create the underlying technology, to collect the texts, and to study the user-related issues in the remediation of the research library
  • The Internet enables lower costs of production and distribution, thus it allows for the creation of specialized libraries for small communties of users (Example: Perseus Project, calls itself an "evolving digital library")
  • The Internet has really changed the face of education, especially with the availability of online libraries. It has also quickened the process of searching for something because instead of going through books in the library, you can perform a "search" in an online library and find what you are looking for.